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Archive for the ‘IIS’ Category

VS2010 + ASP.Net: Access to path is denied

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Problem: Access to path was denied when a dotnet app was writing an excel file to a folder of the website.

Solution: Grant access to the “Network Service” account to the folder that has permissions issue.

Written by cavemansblog

September 23, 2011 at 12:42 am

Creating multiple websites on IIS 5.0 + Win XP

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Some time back I was using windows XP Pro for development at work. One thing that I was unable to figure out was to create one website per project with in IIS. The answer to this is that there isn’t a way to accomplish this using the IIS Management Console. I did some searching on the web and found a couple of awesome free tools that serves the purpose.

XP PRO IIS Admin [1] and IISAdmin.Net [2] are of tremendous help with setting up and allowing you to easily add new websites, and switch between them. One thing to keep in mind is that we can only have one active website at a time. I wonder why microsoft left out on this feature from the IIS mmc.

1. IIsAdmin.NET: Create Multiple Web Sites Under Windows XP by Mark Belles, Gabe Wishnie

2. XP Pro IIS Admin by JetStat

Written by cavemansblog

February 14, 2011 at 2:03 pm

IIS: ASP.Net – Server Application Unavailable

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Error: “Server Application Unavailable”
Environment: ASP.Net application on IIS 5.0
Cause: IIS might have gotten installed after the.Net Framework has been installed.
Solution: Reconfigure .Net Framework for IIS. Execute the command “aspnet_reg iis -i” in the Dotnet command prompt.

Written by cavemansblog

November 18, 2010 at 12:20 pm

Why is my web application slow?

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Web application slowness in different environments in a software factory-line is something that we all must have come-across at some point or the other. Here is my perspective on “where to begin” to address this issue in a general sense for a Microsoft centric web application. Let as assume that our application was developed using ASP.Net and a SQL Server database.

Web Server

1. Go though the Event Viewer log for any errors, warnings and informational messages. Watch out for messages that were logged by your application and another other applications on your web server.

2. Check the IIS logs to see if there is any unusual response rate i.e. errors (http 500, 404, etc).

3. The application pool in IIS can be a source of the slowness of the application.

4. The web server could have ran out of disk space (lack of error log rolling and backup service).

5. IIS crash because of a memory leak, thread locking, etc. Check out Troubleshooting an IIS Crash/Hang

6. JavaScript interaction with UI objects (Flash, Applets, Silverlight).

7. Make sure that the web server is up-to-date with all the latest “software patches” 😉 (oops !!!  service packs)

8. Make sure that the database connection pool settings are correct.

9. Consider rendering the website content using a content delivery network (CDN) service provider like Akamai, Amazon CloudFront, Microsoft Azure, AT&T, etc.

10. If none of the above seems to cause an issue then read-on.

Application Code

1. Analyzing the web request and the web response across multiple pages of the application using tools like Charles, Fiddler, Firebug, etc can provide you lot of information that you would not know otherwise.

2. Narrow down the scope of the slowness in the page execution.

3. Not disposing objects after use can eat up lot of resources on the web server causing the slowness.

4. Make sure that the response times of all the Ajax, web service calls  are in line with the expectations.

5. Run extended load tests to determine if there might be a new cause of failure, that might not have been noticed during regular load tests.

6. Always employ best practices for implementing web site acceleration [1].

7. Consider fetching multiple result sets in one database call as opposed to one result set per database call. This will reduce the number of round trips to the database.

8. If none of the above seems to cause an issue then read-on.


1. Low disk space on the SQL Server/Cluster.

2. Not following SQL Server best practices.

3. Go though the execution plans of the various suspect SQL scripts/statements to isolate the issue. Table scan can be a very costly operation as opposed to a index scan.

4. Run a SQL Trace for a few hours in an environment with lot of traffic and feed the trace file to the SQL Server Performance Tuning wizard.

5. Apply the recommendations of the SQL Server Performance Tuning wizard to the database to see if that helps.

6. Verify and make sure that the background SQL, SSIS and SSRS tasks are scheduled to run during off-peak hours.

7. Considering breaking down a huge database into smaller ones. as an example an e-commerce website should be accessing data from a Catalog, Marketing, Sales and Audit databases instead of one big database.

8. Consider regular archiving and cleanup of historical data from all databases.

9. Index defragmenting [2] can improve the SQL execution times too.

10. Sorting of huge record sets might be best left to he done at the application level than at the database level. This could be controversial depending on who you speak to. With this kind of a solution chances are that a modern day beefed-up web server in a web farm(load balanced environment) should be able to handle expensive data operations. This would conserve SQL Server processing time to handle more requests.

11. I hope your issue might have been resolved by now.

I will update this blog, as and when I can think of other ways to help the cause.

Good luck and happy programing !

kick it on

Also find this post on


1. Cost-effective website acceleration

2. Microsoft SQL Server 2000 Index Defragmentation Best Practices

Prevent Internal IP address disclosure

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One of the vulnerability that we had to fix on a recent project was the disclosure of the IP address when IIS had to redirect a web request to another page and here is how it got fixed.

Based on the following Microsoft support article: “FIX: IP address is revealed in the content-location field in the TCP header in IIS 6.0” [1]; follow these steps to set the SetHostName property in IIS, so that the System Admin defined hostname is revealed in the response header as opposed to the internal IP address..

  1. Click Start, click Run, type cmd, and then click OK to open a command prompt.
  2. Change to the folder where the Adsutil.vbs tool is located. By default, this folder is the following:
    • %SYSTEMROOT%\Inetpub\AdminScripts
  3. Type the following command, where x is your site identifier and hostname is the alternate host name that you want to use:
    • cscript adsutil.vbs set w3svc/x/SetHostName hostname
    • X can be looked by from IIS mmc. Click here [2] to know to look up the site identifier.

    If this does not fix the problem then try installing the latest service pack for Windows Server 2003 and then restart your computer


    1. Microsoft Support: FIX: IP address is revealed in the content-location field in the TCP header in IIS 6.0
    2. Chris Crowe’s Blog – IIS Web Site Identifiers.

Written by cavemansblog

November 4, 2009 at 3:39 pm

Posted in IIS

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